Studies show that investing in public health can prevent outbreaks of foodborne illness

A new study from the Colorado School of Public Health shows that investing in public health programs helps prevent the spread of foodborne illness.

Learning publishing in Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, assess structural and outbreak factors related to the reporting of food-borne outbreaks. The study found that the number and types of reported outbreaks caused by food vary considerably from country to country. High reporting countries report four time more outbreaks than countries with low accountability.

Outbreaks reported to national surveillance provide important information on food-related diseases and can help improve food safety.

Alice White, a senior research instructor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Medical Campus of the University of Colorado at Anschutz, said: This helps staff to better identify patterns of foodborne illness, which is important so that action can be taken to stem the spread of the disease. Our results found that funding for communicable diseases per capita is associated with increased reporting, which shows that investment in public health programs has a measurable impact on outbreak reporting. “

This study was conducted using the results recorded by the CDC 2009-2018 CDC Outbreak Surveillance System.

According to the newspaper, less funded countries report fewer outbreaks of foodborne illness.

This shows that some areas do not have sufficient resources to detect and investigate any potential food-borne epidemics.

White says investment in public health programming, especially in state and local public health agencies, needs to continue and increase to improve national outbreak monitoring.

To learn more, the next step for researchers is to dive into the available data and analyze whether countries that have increased funding over the 10-year period have also increased their ability to report outbreaks.

The full study can be found here.

Rapid response study
Another related study in Emerging Infectious Diseases Journalshows how a rapid response to foodborne outbreaks can save lives and money.

The study, led by CDC health scientist Bradford Greening, examines the 2018 response. salmonella Outbreak of tifimurium associated with packaged chicken salad. The study’s authors estimate that employees were able to prevent 106 cases and $ 715,458 in medical costs and lost productivity.

According to a study in 2018, the State Hygiene Laboratory of the University of Iowa has noticed a significant increase in salmonella in stool samples. The Iowa Department of Public Health’s Rapid Response Team (IDPH) was then able to identify the source of the outbreak as a pre-packaged chicken salad sold by a grocery store chain in the Midwest.

The total outbreak was reported in 8 states with 265 cases of the disease. There were 240 cases in Iowa, including one death and 94 hospitalizations.

Use of “disease cost” estimates for non-typhoid salmonella generated by the Department of Agriculture / United States Office of Economic Research, the study assesses the economic costs to society avoided by responding quickly to this outbreak.

Quantifying and communicating effects such as disease size and economic costs prevented by response and prevention efforts to politicians and other relevant audiences, using a clear and systematic approach, helps demonstrate the value of investing in a stable, responsive and shared public infrastructure. healthcare.

The full study can be found here.

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